CNJUR: Historic Petition: Habitat Binding for Latin America.

CNJUR: Historic Petition: Habitat Binding for Latin America.

As part of the World Urban Campaign My City My Choice, coordinated by CNJUR

International and UN Habitat, during the celebration of Latin American Habitat in the City of Toluca,  the launch of a legal process for the subscription of a binding latinamerican agreement on urban issues was requested to the Economic Commission of Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). The petitioners were CNJUR International, WUC partner together with the National Conference of Mexican Municipalities (CONAMM) representing the 2,446 municipalities in the country; the municipality of Riobamba, Ecuador; the Public Ministry of Defense of the City of Buenos Aires, Argentina and the Human Rights Commission of Mexico City.
 
''Facing the situation of Habitat III deriving in a non binding Declaration of Principles, and the issues rising in the field of urban affairs, the adoption of common principles and regulations for Latin America is urgent. The New Urban Agenda as a document containing principles and ideals, may be a perfect document. However, the lack of mandatory continental legal frameworks could prevent its contents form being applied in a reasonable future, particularly on issues such as the limitations to rights of property, conflicts of interests between cities, common problems of metropolitan areas, the repeated violation of human rights in urban centers, the inefficiency of the law and urban development programs, the contradiction between legislation of environmental, rural, urban and cultural sectors which among others make it difficult to apply the principles of the city we need" commented the lawyer Pablo Aguilar, promoter of the initiative.  
 
 
Latin America constitutes the ideal place for the development of the process that allows the creation of binding legal instruments or urban issues due to the similarity of the judicial and social systems; a shared history and language, urban, rural and environmental situations of the countries that make up the region. The petition to
CEPAL detonates a whole regional legal process that even though will be long and complex, it will allow to:   
 
a)    Establish systems to develop and materialize human rights in urban centers and metropolitan areas.  
b)   Have legislations under common principles that allow an effective application and interpretation. 
c)    Establish legislative systems with an integral vision, considering territory as the object of a transverse legal regulation. 
d)   Clearly define institutional and local competencies. 
e)    Establish effective systems for the sanction and responsibilities facing violations of urban law. 
 
The Campaign My City My Choice, promoted by CNJUR and UN Habitat seeks a particular focus: The Legal Course that will follow the Implementation of Habitat III. Going from the rhetoric to normative facts: laws and programs to guarantee  rights. Indonesia and Quito will be the places were the progress of this historic process is
presented.

Article by CNJUR
Photo Credits: CNJUR (CC)