Huairou Commission: Urban Planning and Slum Upgrading of Riverside Community Toward an Ethical and Equitable City

Huairou Commission: Urban Planning and Slum Upgrading of Riverside Community Toward an Ethical and Equitable City

Eliminating slum areas is one of Government of Indonesia’s targets which is widely known as target 100-0-100 (100% access to clean water, zero slums, 100% access to sanitation) under the Medium-Term National Development Plan 2015-2019. To achieve this target, Indonesia has launched KOTAKU (Kota Tanpa Kumuh/ City without Slum), national platform for slum upgrading. Through this program, local government of Yogyakarta targets to reduce slum areas by 80 hectares annually. Slum area development is problematic  not only in terms of physical development, but also  poor policy execution, including overlapping local and central government policies, weak governance, un-operational financing and funding schemes, and lack of integrated work with stakeholders. Government has already introduced policies and mechanism for participatory planning and implementation, but participatory monitoring and evaluation process need to be strengthened. These issues require a particular approach since Yogyakarta as a Special Region entails complex land use issues and unique way of risk governance.

Under the theme "Urban Planning and Slum Upgrading of Riverside Community", Huairou Commission and YAKKUM Emergency Unit (YEU) organized Urban Thinkers Campus on 22 August 2017 in Duta Wacana Christian University, Yogyakarta with the participation of 131 people in total from the government sector (central, regional, and local level), CSOs, academia, riverside community forums, older persons groups, women groups, disability forums, humanitarian activists, and students. The event contained seminar, roundtables discussion, and also exhibition. The exhibition with its music performances was open to the public and allowed everyone to participate in the effort to build a sustainable riverside area through the donation of 200 banyan trees (beringin) from Indmira and vegetable seeds for urban farming from public donation. Donations were given to the riverside community forum during tree planting activities at Jamboree River which was held on 27 August 2017.

Through the seminar and roundtable sessions, the participants were agreed that eviction against riverside community is not the best solution for the riverside settlement arrangement. Riverside community has committed to participate in slum upgrading through M3K concept that move back settlements from the riverbank (mundur), builds vertical settlements (munggah) that face towards the river (madhep kali). For this matter, riverside community forum will facilitate multistakeholders dialog dialog to address riverside area problemsand upgrading strategies. The government has also acknowledged and appreciated that communities living in riverside areas initiated preservation activities through education, riverfront settlement arrangement, and community-based waste water management. The discussion also encouraged capacity building for riverside communities to become the lead actor of river conservation through the strong partnership with CSOs, private sectors, and other related agencies.

Broader scope of the community such as women grassroots leader, river communities, older persons group, etc should be included in the development processes to ensure no one is left behind in building sustainable city and implement New Urban Agenda from local to national level. They have demonstrated their leadership and contributions in participatory planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the urban programs. On the basis of the UTC outcomes, declaration at the end of UTC contained multi-stakeholder recommendations to work together and synergize to an integrated urban development from planning to monitoring and evaluation processes with the emphasis on a community led approach to equitable economic, ethical and inclusive development.  This event was successfully held with the collaboration and support from Yogyakarta DRR Platform, Duta Wacana Christian University, PETARUNG (Pemuda Tata Ruang), students of Urban and Regional Planning of Gadjah Mada University, Indonesian Institute of the Arts Yogyakarta, Riverside Community Forums, Indmira, and also media partners Tribun Jogja and STAR FM Radio.

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Article by: Ana Gabriel / Debora Dian
Photo Credits: Dhinar Riski / Nawang Anandhini