Cooperation for Urban Mobility in the Developing World (CODATU)
Solution proposed by:
ADEME, AFD, CEREMA, CODATU and GIZ
In a Nutshell:
MobiliseYourCity (MYC) is a global climate initiative for integrated urban mobility planning in emerging and developing countries, and one of 15 international transport initiatives of the UN Global Climate Action Agenda (GCAA). MYC is supported by the European Commission's Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), the French Ministry of Environment, Energy and The Sea (MEEM), the French Facility for Global Environment (FFEM), and the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). The initiative is implemented by its founding partners ADEME, AFD, CEREMA, CODATU and GIZ. Besides contribution to the international climate process, MYC contributes to the UN’s Agenda 2030, specifically Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11: “Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”.
Where and When:
Since the year 2016 and 2020, the beneficiary partners of MobiliseYyourCity will work together with at least 100 cities in approx. 20 developing and emerging countries from Latin America, Africa, the Mediterranean region, and Asia work together in shaping urban mobility towards a sustainable pathway.
Cities across the globe face the challenge of sustainable, low carbon mobility. Indeed, more than a quarter of all energy-related emissions in the world is caused by transport of people and goods. With a projected increase of 70% by 2050, it is the fastest growing of all sources. Urban trips create a large portion of these emissions and will greatly increase with urban growth; in 2050, 70% of the global population is estimated to live in cities. Tackling urban mobility emissions is necessary to achieve the “well below 2 degree” target for global temperature rise (Paris Agreement). In addition, cities suffer from heavy congestion of road infrastructures that paralyses urban areas in many developing and emerging countries. Improving transport systems lays the foundation for social equity, economic prosperity and quality of life in cities. Moreover, about 1.3 million people die yearly due to traffic accidents and 3.3 million deaths are attributed to outdoor air-pollution each year, with urban populations being the far most vulnerable. Significant investments – trillions of dollars globally – in urban transport infrastructure are needed over the next few decades, especially in the rapidly growing regions of Africa, Asia and Latin America. These investments must be combined with sustainable urban mobility policies in order to generate a catalytic effect. Sustainable, low-carbon transport requires comprehensive financial, institutional and technical capacity and comprehensive institutional coordination.
Comprehensive and robust mobility planning has proven its positive impact towards more livable cities. However, many governments in emerging and developing countries still lack the capacity to prepare and implement sustainable urban mobility policies and plans. In addition, currently available guidelines do not necessarily match the specific needs of emerging and developing economies. By providing methodological support and technical assistance, MobiliseYourCity aims at establishing a dialogue between governments, promote participatory planning processes and enable authorities and planners. MobiliseYourCity partners regard secure access to low-carbon, safe, clean, reliable and affordable urban transport systems as a basic need for all. MobiliseYourCity seeks to improve urban mobility by following guiding principles: • Implementing mobility policies to: o Reduce unnecessary urban travel, particularly trips made by cars and motorbikes, notably through land use and transport integration, reallocation of the use of public space, and demand management measures; o Encourage the use of low-carbon and non-pollutant transport modes through a combination of push and pull measures (the so-called "carrot" and "stick" approach); o Improve the energy efficiency of transport vehicles through technological advances and traffic regulation; o Stimulate the use of alternative propulsion systems and fuels where appropriate; • Prioritising sustainable urban mobility systems that integrate public transport, cycling, walking and low carbon solutions in planning, policy development, and allocation of public budgets; • Focussing efforts on the movement of passengers and goods instead of more vehicle flow and infrastructure construction; • Achieving high quality standards for accessibility to transport systems in order to improve economic competitiveness and urban liveability of cities; • Rationalising the use of public space and considering the interests of all population groups in order to assure a high quality and a fair share of urban transport and road systems ; • Taking advantage of new technologies and solutions such as vehicle-sharing, intelligent transport systems, digitalisation and open data in order to enhance the efficiency and the quality of transport services, together with access to information for all. • Financing sustainable, low-carbon transport while acknowledging mobility as a public service, supporting a coherent policy framework, following the “transport-finances-transport” principle, pricing transport to moderate excessive demand and setting clear investment priorities in favour of sustainable, low-carbon transport;
MYC is designed as a global and inclusive partnership that aims to assist beneficiary partners –i.e. national and local governments in emerging and developing countries- in their preparation of National Urban Mobility Policies and Programs (NUMPs) and Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs). It provides a framework for effective and sustainable development of urban transport. MYC’s goals for 2020 are: • 20 countries commit themselves to introduce sustainable urban mobility policies and/or incentive programs • 100 cities engage in reducing their emissions by 50% through the development of integrated sustainable urban mobility plans MYC assists its beneficiary partners to shape urbanization and transport development in a sustainable and climate-friendly manner. Mitigation measures are prepared through integrated planning and consultation with different stakeholders at an early stage. The MYC initiative supports budgeting, development of financial mechanisms and initiation of national and international funding to ensure successful implementation.
MobiliseYourCity was launched in the year 2015 during COP21 in Paris by French Minister of Environment Ségolène Royal and received a warm welcome from the international transport community. Partners of MobiliseYourCity are currently raising additional funds and structure the initiative to enlarge the partnership, in particular towards partners from the South. During COP22, the MobiliseYourCity Steering Committee came together for its first formal meeting and welcomed first beneficiary cities and countries (Cameroun, India and Morocco). In addition to the establishment of methodological tools related to sustainable urban mobility policies and plans, beneficiary partners will be provided through the initiative means to capitalize and share experience together. To that regard, an international exchange platform will be set up, and regional workshops will be organized to share and disseminate knowledge. Finally monitoring tools will be set up in order to better follow the progress made, track GHG emission reductions and adjust actions to ensure the efficiency of the programs undertaken.
To tackle challenges towards sustainable, low carbon mobility, MobiliseYourCity targets at following results: • Accelerating implementation of inclusive and sustainable urban mobility through better planning and improved financing/funding • Fostering policies, programs and legislative frameworks that enable implementation of ambitious sustainable urban mobility actions • Strengthening participatory urban mobility planning and implementation • Enhancing institutional coordination between various national and local government institutions, private sector stakeholders and civil society, and strengthening human capacity • Improving urban mobility systems to deliver positive results in climate change mitigation and quality of life, including poverty alleviation • Establishing clear funding and financing schemes for sustainable urban mobility policies; • Improving economic competitiveness and liveability by transforming urban mobility and logistics; • Setting up monitoring, reporting and evaluation systems in order to assist decision-making processes.